Monthly Archives: April 2014

The Effects Smoking Cigarettes Have on Your Teeth / Efek Merokok pada Gigi Anda

Smoking cigarettes causes harmful effects on your entire body. It is a known cause of heart disease, emphysema, and lung and mouth cancers. Using tobacco products has a very negative effect on your oral health, as well. Here are some of the effects smoking cigarettes has on your oral health:

  • Bad breath
  • Tooth discoloration
  • Inflammation of the salivary gland openings on the roof of the mouth
  • Increased build up of plaque and tartar on the teeth
  • Increased loss of bone within the jaw
  • Increased risk of leukoplakia, white patches inside the mouth
  • Increased risk of developing um disease, a leading cause of tooth loss
  • Delayed healing process following tooth extraction, periodontal treatment, or oral surgery
  • Lower success rate of dental implant procedures
  • Increased risk of developing oral cancer

How does smoking lead to gum disease? Tobacco products cause periodontal problems by interfering with the normal function of gum tissue cells, causing gum line recession and bone detachment. Because of this abnormal cell function, smokers are more susceptible to infections. As mentioned earlier, with infections, surgery can be necessary. But with impaired blood flow to the gums, mouth wounds cannot heal properly which is why many smokers are not good candidates for oral surgery.

Merokok dapat merusak tubuh anda. Merokok dapat menyebabkan penyakit jantung, paru-paru, dan kanker mulut. Di bawah ini ada beberapa efek buruk merokok pada kesehatan mulut kita, yaitu:

  • Bau nafas tak sedap
  • Gigi berubah warna menjadi lebih kuning
  • Dapat menyebabkan keradangan pada kelenjar air liur
  • Meningkatkan terbentuknya plak dan noda pada gigi
  • Meningkatkan resiko gigi goyang
  • Meningkatkan resiko leukoplakia
  • Meningkatkan resiko penyakit gusi yang dapat menyebabkan gigi goyang
  • Memperlambat penyembuhan dari pencabutan gigi, penyakit periodontal dan luka karena operasi
  • Memperkecil kesuksesan pada prosedur implant gigi
  • Meningkatkan resiko kanker mulut

Bagaimana merokok dapat menyebabkan penyakit gusi?

Merokok dapat merusak fungsi dari sel pada jaringan gusi, sehingga menyebabkan resesi gusi dan perlekatan gigi pada tulang menjadi longgar. Karena fungsi sel yang abnormal maka perokok akan lebih rentan terhadap infeksi.

 

Fluoride treatment to prevent tooth decay / terapi fluor topikal untuk pencegahan terhadap gigi berlubang

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods and water. Every day, minerals are added to and lost from a tooth’s enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization. Minerals are lost (demineralization) from a tooth’s enamel layer when acids — formed from bacteria and sugars in the mouth — attack the enamel. Minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate are redeposited (remineralization) to the enamel layer from the foods and waters consumed. Too much demineralization without enough remineralization to repair the enamel layer leads tooth decay.

Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. It also reverses early decay. In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults.

Professional fluoride treatments generally take just a few minutes. The fluoride may be in the form of a solution, gel, foam or varnish. Typically, it is applied with a cotton swab or brush, or it is used as a rinse or placed in a tray that is held in the mouth for several minutes. After the treatment, you may be asked not to rinse, eat or drink for at least 30 minutes to allow the teeth to absorb the fluoride and help repair microscopic carious areas. Depending on your oral health status, fluoride treatments may be recommended every three, six or 12 months.

Fluor adalah mineral yang dapat dijumpai dalam makanan dan air. Setiap hari, mineral ditambahkan dan hilang dari enamel gigi melalui 2 proses, demineralization dan remineralization. Mineral hilang dari dalam gigi (demineralisasi) karena adanya asam yang dibentuk oleh bakteri dan gula dalam mulut pada saat menyerang enamel gigi. Mineral seperti fluor, kalsium, and fosfat ditambahkan (remineralisasi) ke dalam lapisan enamel berasal dari makanan dan air yang dikonsumsi. Apabila terlalu banyak demineralisasi tanpa remineralisasi yang cukup dapat menyebabkan gigi berlubang.

Fluor dapat mecegah gigi berlubang dengan cara membuat gigi lebih kuat terhadap asam yang dihasilkan oleh bakteri dan gula dalam mulut. Pada anak-anak dibawah 6 tahun, fluor sangat penting untuk pertumbuhan gigi permanen agar gigi terlindung dari asam dan gigi dapat erupsi dengan sempurna.

Terapi fluor topikal biasanya hanya membutuhkan beberapa menit saja. Fluor akan dioleskan pada gigi dengan sikat, digunakan sebagai obat kumur, atau diletakkan dalam tray dan dimasukkan dalam mulut selama beberapa menit. Setelah perawatan, biasanya anda akan dianjurkan untuk tidak makan dan minum selama 30 menit agar gigi menyerap fluor dan membantu memperbaiki gigi berlubang. Biasanya terapi fluor topikal dianjurkan setiap 3-12 bulan sekali.