Monthly Archives: January 2015

wisdom teeth removal / pencabutan gigi geraham bungsu

Wisdom teeth are the third and final set of molars that most people get in their late teens or early twenties. When wisdom teeth are misaligned, they may position themselves horizontally, be angled toward or away from the second molars, or be angled inward or outward. Wisdom teeth also can be impacted — they are enclosed within the soft tissue and/or the jawbone or only partially break through or erupt through the gum. Partial eruption of the wisdom teeth allows an opening for bacteria to enter around the tooth and cause an infection, which results in pain, swelling, jaw stiffness, and general illness. Partially erupted teeth are also more prone to tooth decay and gum disease because their hard-to-reach location and awkward positioning makes brushing and flossing difficult.

A wisdom tooth that is fully erupted through the gum can be extracted as easily as any other tooth. However, a wisdom tooth that is underneath the gums and embedded in the jawbone will require an incision into the gums and then removal of the portion of bone that lies over the tooth. Often, for a tooth in this situation, the tooth will be extracted in small sections rather than removed in one piece to minimize the amount of bone that needs to be removed to get the tooth out.

Gigi geraham bungsu merupakan gigi geraham ketiga yang tumbuh ketika kita berumur 20-an. Sering kali gigi geraham bungsu tidak tumbuh dengan baik, miring, dan posisinya tidak sejajar dengan gigi yang lainnya. Kadang kala gigi geraham bungsu juga dapat tidak tumbuh dan tertanam didalam tulang atau tumbuh hanya sebagian saja. Hal ini menyebabkan bakteri dengan mudah masuk dinatara gigi dan gusi sehingga dapat menyebabkan sakit, bengkak, gigi berlubang, penyakit gusi dan hal lainnya.

Gigi geraham bungsu yang tumbuh sempurna dapat dicabut seperti gigi biasanya. Tetapi gigi geraham bungsu yang tertanam di dalam gusi dan tulang maka membutuhkan pemotongan gusi dan pengambilan tulang yang berada diatasnya. Kadang kala gigi yang mau diambil harus dipotong kecil-kecil agar dapat keluar.