The Effects Smoking Cigarettes Have on Your Teeth / Efek Merokok pada Gigi Anda

Smoking cigarettes causes harmful effects on your entire body. It is a known cause of heart disease, emphysema, and lung and mouth cancers. Using tobacco products has a very negative effect on your oral health, as well. Here are some of the effects smoking cigarettes has on your oral health:

  • Bad breath
  • Tooth discoloration
  • Inflammation of the salivary gland openings on the roof of the mouth
  • Increased build up of plaque¬†and tartar¬†on the teeth
  • Increased loss of bone within the jaw
  • Increased risk of leukoplakia, white patches inside the mouth
  • Increased risk of developing um disease, a leading cause of tooth loss
  • Delayed healing process following tooth extraction, periodontal treatment, or oral surgery
  • Lower success rate of dental implant procedures
  • Increased risk of developing oral cancer

How does smoking lead to gum disease? Tobacco products cause periodontal problems by interfering with the normal function of gum tissue cells, causing gum line recession and bone detachment. Because of this abnormal cell function, smokers are more susceptible to infections. As mentioned earlier, with infections, surgery can be necessary. But with impaired blood flow to the gums, mouth wounds cannot heal properly which is why many smokers are not good candidates for oral surgery.

Merokok dapat merusak tubuh anda. Merokok dapat menyebabkan penyakit jantung, paru-paru, dan kanker mulut. Di bawah ini ada beberapa efek buruk merokok pada kesehatan mulut kita, yaitu:

  • Bau nafas tak sedap
  • Gigi berubah warna menjadi lebih kuning
  • Dapat menyebabkan keradangan pada kelenjar air liur
  • Meningkatkan terbentuknya plak dan noda pada gigi
  • Meningkatkan resiko gigi goyang
  • Meningkatkan resiko leukoplakia
  • Meningkatkan resiko penyakit gusi yang dapat menyebabkan gigi goyang
  • Memperlambat penyembuhan dari pencabutan gigi, penyakit periodontal dan luka karena operasi
  • Memperkecil kesuksesan pada prosedur implant gigi
  • Meningkatkan resiko kanker mulut

Bagaimana merokok dapat menyebabkan penyakit gusi?

Merokok dapat merusak fungsi dari sel pada jaringan gusi, sehingga menyebabkan resesi gusi dan perlekatan gigi pada tulang menjadi longgar. Karena fungsi sel yang abnormal maka perokok akan lebih rentan terhadap infeksi.

 

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