Fluoride treatment to prevent tooth decay / terapi fluor topikal untuk pencegahan terhadap gigi berlubang

Fluoride is a mineral that occurs naturally in many foods and water. Every day, minerals are added to and lost from a tooth’s enamel layer through two processes, demineralization and remineralization. Minerals are lost (demineralization) from a tooth’s enamel layer when acids — formed from bacteria and sugars in the mouth — attack the enamel. Minerals such as fluoride, calcium, and phosphate are redeposited (remineralization) to the enamel layer from the foods and waters consumed. Too much demineralization without enough remineralization to repair the enamel layer leads tooth decay.

Fluoride helps prevent tooth decay by making the tooth more resistant to acid attacks from plaque bacteria and sugars in the mouth. It also reverses early decay. In children under 6 years of age, fluoride becomes incorporated into the development of permanent teeth, making it difficult for acids to demineralize the teeth. Fluoride also helps speed remineralization as well as disrupts acid production in already erupted teeth of both children and adults.

Professional fluoride treatments generally take just a few minutes. The fluoride may be in the form of a solution, gel, foam or varnish. Typically, it is applied with a cotton swab or brush, or it is used as a rinse or placed in a tray that is held in the mouth for several minutes. After the treatment, you may be asked not to rinse, eat or drink for at least 30 minutes to allow the teeth to absorb the fluoride and help repair microscopic carious areas. Depending on your oral health status, fluoride treatments may be recommended every three, six or 12 months.

Fluor adalah mineral yang dapat dijumpai dalam makanan dan air. Setiap hari, mineral ditambahkan dan hilang dari enamel gigi melalui 2 proses, demineralization dan remineralization. Mineral hilang dari dalam gigi (demineralisasi) karena adanya asam yang dibentuk oleh bakteri dan gula dalam mulut pada saat menyerang enamel gigi. Mineral seperti fluor, kalsium, and fosfat ditambahkan (remineralisasi) ke dalam lapisan enamel berasal dari makanan dan air yang dikonsumsi. Apabila terlalu banyak demineralisasi tanpa remineralisasi yang cukup dapat menyebabkan gigi berlubang.

Fluor dapat mecegah gigi berlubang dengan cara membuat gigi lebih kuat terhadap asam yang dihasilkan oleh bakteri dan gula dalam mulut. Pada anak-anak dibawah 6 tahun, fluor sangat penting untuk pertumbuhan gigi permanen agar gigi terlindung dari asam dan gigi dapat erupsi dengan sempurna.

Terapi fluor topikal biasanya hanya membutuhkan beberapa menit saja. Fluor akan dioleskan pada gigi dengan sikat, digunakan sebagai obat kumur, atau diletakkan dalam tray dan dimasukkan dalam mulut selama beberapa menit. Setelah perawatan, biasanya anda akan dianjurkan untuk tidak makan dan minum selama 30 menit agar gigi menyerap fluor dan membantu memperbaiki gigi berlubang. Biasanya terapi fluor topikal dianjurkan setiap 3-12 bulan sekali.

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